The following information is designed to give you basic facts about Safety & Security concerns at Lake Washington Institute of Technology (LWTech) and the surrounding Kirkland community. It is our wish that your time on the LWTech Campus is safe and productive.
Historically, LWTech has been a relatively safe haven from the busy outside world; however, King County is one of the fastest growing areas in the state, it is prudent to be aware that we are no longer isolated from the pressure of an encroaching population. Please understand crime prevention is everyone's responsibility; with that in mind, LWTech takes many common-sense precautions to help ensure the safety of the campus community, and expects its faculty, staff, students, and guests, to do their part to help maintain a safe environment.
Crime does not stop at the campus property line. The key to preventing crime is awareness. While LWTech Campus Public Safety is the primary agency responsible for creating a safe and secure environment, all LWTech employees and students must work together to share this responsibility; LWTech Campus Public Safety is committed to community policing and collaborative problem solving. Many incidents can be avoided if people take basic precautions to prevent their own victimization. The LWTech Campus Public Safety Office is located in the East Building, Room E145.
The Campus Public Safety office is the campus law enforcement division of the college and works closely with all departments of the college to ensure uniform application and clear understanding of LWTech Campus Public Safety policies and procedures to all faculty, staff, and students. The Office of Campus Public Safety reports directly Vice President of Administrative Services. Current (unarmed) staff consists of the Campus Public Safety Manager, (unarmed) Campus Safety Technicians, (unarmed) contracted security officers and contracted (armed) off-duty Kirkland Police officers. Campus Public Safety personnel are on duty from 6:30 AM to 10:30 PM Monday through Friday, and 7:00 AM to 8:30 PM Saturday and closed on Sundays.
Under the direction of the Campus Public Safety Manager, full time college staff, contracted security and police officers uphold applicable local, state, and federal laws and college policies and procedures on the Lake Washington Institute of Technology campus. Campus Public Safety services include crime report investigations, medical emergency response, fire emergency response, personal safety escorts, traffic control and accidents, parking enforcement, and college policies including alcohol and drug use and abuse and weapons violations.
For criminal and/or medical emergencies, call 911. For all other non-emergency calls, dial (425) 739-8224.
It is our express goal to make Lake Washington Institute of Technology a safe place in which to work and learn. Welcome!
LWTech Campus Public Safety
As part of the federal Higher Education Act of 1965 [and codified at 20 USC 1092 (f)], the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act (now known as the Clery Act), requires colleges and universities to disclose certain timely and annual information about campus crime and security policies. Originally enacted by Congress and signed into law by President George Bush in 1990 as the Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act of 1990, the Clery Act was the result of the efforts of Howard and Connie Clery to honor the death of their daughter, Jeanne, who was murdered at Lehigh University in 1986. In 1987, Howard and Connie Clery founded the non-profit Security On Campus, Inc., to promote legislation in regard to on-going campus safety and security issues. In 1997, Amendments to the Act were renamed in memory of Jeanne Clery.
All private and public institutions of post secondary education participating in federal student aid programs are subject to provisions of this federal law. Colleges and Universities can be assessed "fines" up to $27,500.00 by the U.S. Dept. of Education for violations of the Act's provisions; in addition, institutions face a corresponding loss of federal student financial aid. Total "fine" for each violation: $55,000.00 net loss to the institution. The U.S. Dept. of Education is the federal agency charged with investigating complaints of Clery Act violations and assesses "fines" or other enforcement actions.
Clery Act all institutions of higher education must publish an annual security report by October 1 of each year containing the last three calendar years' required campus crime statistics and certain security policy statements including the law enforcement authority of LWTech Campus Public Safety, where students should go to report a crime, and sexual assault policies that assure basic victims' rights. A notice of the report's availability will be sent to all current students and college/university employees; prospective students and employees will receive notice of the report's availability and their right to request a hard copy of the report; location and availability of the report will also be posted on this website. Required crime statistics are filed with the U.S. Department of Education by October 1 of each calendar year.
The Lake Washington Institute of Technology (LWTech) Office of Campus Public Safety prepares an Annual Security Report (ASR) to comply with the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Crime Statistics Act and must be filed with the U.S. Department of Education by October 1, of each year. The full text of the ASR can be located on our web site at www.lwtc.edu. (Click on "Security"). This report is prepared in cooperation with the local law enforcement agencies surrounding the main LWTech Kirkland and Redmond Campuses, the LWTech Offices of Administrative Services, Student Services, and Judicial Affairs and Campus Public Safety. Each entity provides updated information on their educational efforts and programs to comply with the Act; this information is compiled and listed in the ASR.
Required campus crimes, arrest and referral statistics include those reported to LWTech Campus Public Safety, designated campus officials (including but not limited to directors, deans, department heads, designated HR staff, judicial affairs, advisors to students/student organizations), and local law enforcement agencies. These statistics my also include crimes that have occurred in private residences or businesses.
Each year a written notice is mailed to current (enrolled) students, and current (employed) faculty and staff informing them of the web address where they can access the ASR. Copies of the ASR may be obtained at the Lake Washington Institute of Technology Office of Campus Public Safety located in the East Building, Room E145, in the Office of the Registrar/Enrollment Services, West Building, Room W201D, and in the Human Resources Office, East Building, Room E215B. All prospective students and employees may obtain a copy of the ASR from the Registrar/Enrollment Services Office (425-739-8156) and/or the HR Office (425-739-8251). The website address for the ASR will also be listed in LWTech Enrollment and Employment application packets and the College Class Schedule.
Faculty, staff, students, and guests are encouraged to report all crimes and public safety-related incidents on the LWTech campuses immediately. To report a crime or other emergency on the Kirkland or Redmond Campuses of Lake Washington Institute of Technology, call 911 or contact the appropriate Police Department, then Lake Washington Institute of Technology Campus Public Safety at:
All LWTech Incident Reports are forwarded to the Vice President of Student Services for review in regard to possible student conduct code violations. LWTech Campus Public Safety will investigate Incident Reports when appropriate; additional information obtained in such investigations will also be forwarded to the VP of Student Services.
If assistance is required of local Police agencies, LWTech Campus Public Safety will make that contact. If a sexual assault or rape should occur, staff on scene, including Campus Public Safety and local Police, will offer a wide variety of services to assist the victim including privacy, medical response, mental health counseling, and contact of significant others, should the victim so require. Crimes should be reported to Campus Public Safety to ensure the victim of appropriate services, to ensure inclusion in the annual crime statistics report, and to aid in providing timely warning notices to the community, when appropriate.
All crimes should be reported immediately. Please report any suspicious activity or person you may see loitering in any campus building, common area, or parking lot. In addition, reports may be made to any LWTech official at (425) 739-8100.
FOR CRIMINAL ACTIVITY OR MEDICAL EMERGENCIES ALWAYS CALL 911 FIRST, IN THEN CALL LWTECH CAMPUS PUBLIC SAFETY!
If the victim of a crime does not want to pursue action within the College judicial system or the state criminal system, the victim may still want to consider making a confidential report. With the victim's permission, the Security Manager, or other designee of LWTech, can file a report on the details of the incident without revealing the victim's identity.
The purpose of a confidential report is to comply with the victim's wish to keep the matter confidential, while taking steps to ensure the future safety of the victim and others. Which such information, the College can keep accurate records of the number of incidents involving faculty, staff, students, and guests, and determine where there is a pattern of crime with regard to a particular location, day of the week, time of day/night, the assailant's method(s) of crime, and alert the campus community to potential danger. Confidential reports are counted and disclosed in the annual crime statistics for the College (without victim identification).
Lake Washington Institute of Technology Campus Public Safety urges anyone who is the victim or witness of any crime to promptly report the incident to Campus Public Safety or local Police. Because Police reports are public records under state law, LWTech Campus Public Safety cannot hold reports of crime in confidence. Confidential reports for purposes of inclusion in the annual disclosure of crime statistics can generally be made to other Campus Security Authorities.
All colleges and universities must disclose crime statistics for their campuses, student residential facilities (if applicable), public areas immediately adjacent to or accessible from the campus, and certain non-campus facilities including Greek housing (if applicable) and remote classrooms. The statistics must be obtained from campus security or police, campus security authorities (those campus officials who have significant responsibility for students and campus activities), and local law enforcement. Professional mental health and religious counselors are exempt from crime statistic reporting, but may refer clients to the campus confidential reporting system; the institution must indicate if a confidential reporting system exists or not.
Clery Crime categories include:
*If both an arrest and referral are made for liquor, drug, or weapons law violations, only the arrest is counted.
Crime statistics are categorized geographically as: "On-campus," "Student residential facilities, on-campus," "Non-campus buildings," and/or "public property;" these areas are identified on campus maps.
The Annual Campus Security Report must indicate if any of the above reported crimes or incidents involved bodily injury and are reported as "hate crimes." Additionally, the crimes of larceny, vandalism, intimidation, and simple assault must be listed as hate (bias) crimes if the facts of the case indicate the offender was motivated to commit the offense because of his bias against the victim's race, gender, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity/national origin, and/or disability.
Institutions are required to provide "Timely Warnings" and a separate, more extensive "Daily Crime Log."
Timely Warnings are initiated by Campus Security when a crime constitutes an ongoing threat to students and employees; it may be activated by the campus PA system, e-mails, text messages, campus runners (word of mouth) and information flyers. Timely Warning reports may be made by Campus Public Safety, other College Officials, and/or local Police agencies; Timely Warnings only cover listed Clery crimes. Contact LWTech Campus Public Safety with all criminal or other emergency information at (425) 739-8224, or stop at the Security Office, East Building, E145.
The Daily Crime Log is a public record of all crimes reported to LWTech Campus Public Safety. Institutions that maintain a Campus Police or Security Department are required to disclose, in the Daily Log, any crime that occurred on campus... or within the patrol jurisdiction of the campus public safety department and is reported to the campus police or security Department. The Daily Crime Log lists the date and type of crime, and the location and disposition of the crime, when known. Unlike the Timely Warning, restricted to listed Clery Crimes, the Daily Log includes all crimes reported to Security; State definitions may be used to define these crimes. Reports must be logged into the Daily Crime Log within two business days; however, certain listed information may be withheld to protect victim confidentiality, ensure the integrity of ongoing investigations, or to keep a suspect from fleeing. Only the most limited information necessary may be withheld; even then it must be released, "once the adverse effect... is no longer likely to occur."
The Daily Crime Log must be available during normal business hours to employees and students as well as the general public (parents, local press, etc.). The Log will remain open for 60 days; subsequent to that, the Log must be available within two business days of a request for Log information.
Limited campus law enforcement authority is granted to LWTech Campus Public Safety by the Board of Trustees of the Lake Washington Institute of Technology and the Washington Administrative Codes. As such, Campus Public Safety Officers have the authority to ask persons for identification and to determine whether individuals have lawful business at Lake Washington Institute of Technology.
Under WAC 495D-116-170, LWTech Campus Public Safety Officers have the authority to issue campus traffic and parking citations which are billed to financial accounts of students, faculty, and staff, or to the private residences of those persons not affiliated with the school. Campus Public Safety Officers do not have arrest power; all criminal incidents are referred to local Police (Kirkland Police Department, Redmond Police Department, King County Sheriff's Department) who have jurisdiction on or adjacent to the Kirkland and Redmond campuses, respectively. While the College has no written Memorandum of Understanding (MOU's) with the Kirkland, Redmond Police Departments and/or the King County Sheriff's Office, LWTech Campus Public Safety maintains a highly professional working relationship with these agencies.
Crime victims and witnesses are strongly encouraged to immediately report criminal activity to the appropriate Police agencies and Campus Public Safety. Prompt reporting will assure timely warning notices of campus crime and assist in full disclosure of crime statistics.
Law enforcement arrests and incidents involving LWTech students and employees are forwarded to the Vice President of Student Services so the best interests of the community can be served. On-going training is afforded Campus Public Safety as well as contracted Officers. LWTech Campus Public Safety considers personal and property safety a priority; incident reports and safety concerns are reviewed and acted on accordingly. Criminal incident reports generated by Campus Public Safety will be referred to Kirkland Police Department for criminal law considerations. Serial numbers of stolen property are recorded by Campus Public Safety and passed through local law enforcement to the National Crime Information Center (NCIC).
Students and employees are required to comply with directives of Campus Public Safety Officers and Police Officers and any other College Officials; students are required to present valid ID when requested. Campus Public Safety enforces College policy, rules, and regulations as well as local, state, and federal laws, and reports criminal violations to local authorities. To report criminal or medical emergencies, call 911; for other campus incidents, call the Campus Security at (425) 739-8224. Try to remain calm when calling in an emergency; when asked, calmly state your name, the nature of your emergency (criminal or medical), and the location of the emergency.
During normal business hours Lake Washington Institute of Technology will be open to faculty, staff, students, parents, contractors, guests and invitees. During non-business hours LWTech facilities are locked; access is restricted to authorized students and employees through Campus Public Safety or other on-duty College staff. During an extended closure, only authorized personnel will be granted access. Campus Public Safety Officers carry keys to all LWTech buildings and are available during business hours, to access buildings and rooms for authorized entry. Remember: Service calls such as this are prioritized; criminal or medical emergency calls have a higher priority than do building and/or room access calls.
Campus facilities may have different hours of accessibility; in such cases, these areas will be secured and accessed by appropriate persons in accordance with operating schedules as developed by the Department responsible for that facility.
Emergencies may necessitate changes and/or alterations from normal business hour access times; security assessments of campus facilities will be conducted, as needed. Administrators from Student Services, College Services, Facilities and Operations, and Campus Public Safety will periodically review results of landscaping, lock, alarm, lighting, and communication assessments to determine appropriateness of access schedules and alter schedules, as needed.
LWTech is committed to campus safety, be it physical plant (buildings) or other College property (grounds, equipment, furniture, Motor Pool, etc.). LWTech Custodial Services, Maintenance, and Campus Public Safety personnel conduct routine Campus safety surveys; deficiencies are corrected by LWTech Facilities and Operations staff.
During orientation for each quarter, LWTech Campus Public Safety offers video and oral presentations on personal safety and personal property protection. Through informational Campus Public Safety seminars, faculty, staff, and students are given information on personal safety and theft prevention, the state of campus public safety, annual crime statistics, and the safety of the surrounding community. LWTech Campus Public Safety disseminates important and emergency information to the Campus through flyers, posters, pamphlets, Campus email, Campus Public Address, and the Campus News video conference sites located throughout Campus. Faculty, staff, and students are encouraged to be aware of their responsibility for their own security and the security of others, in conjunction with Campus Security. As part of the Campus Public Safety Department's personal safety program, faculty and students are urged to walk to their cars at night in groups, or request a Personal Safety Escort at any time of the day or night, anywhere on Campus.
The federal Campus Sex Crimes Prevention Act, enacted Oct. 28, 2000, effective Oct. 28, 2002, requires institutions of higher education to issue statements advising the campus community where law enforcement agency information provided by a State about registered sex offenders may be obtained. A sex offender already required to register under state law must also register with the state the name of each institution of higher education at which the person is employed, carries on a vocation, or is a student.
Washington state convicted sex offenders must register in accordance with: RCW 9A.44.130 Registration of sex offenders and kidnapping offenders--Procedures--Definition--Penalties.
For information about sex offenders in any county in the state of Washington, please contact the appropriate sheriff's department.
For information about registered sex offenders living in or attending college in King County, contact: the King County Sheriff's Office, Sex Offender Registration, 516 Third Avenue, Room W150, Seattle, WA 98104-2312.
Information provided by law enforcement agencies concerning registered sex offenders attending LWTech may be obtained from the Office of the Vice President of Student Services.
For information about LWTech’s policies and procedures for Registered Sex Offenders who wish to enroll at the college, please refer to chapter 5, section 140 of the college’s policy manual (5.P.140).
Please forward the completed form to:
Anthony Bowers, Director
Lake Washington Institute of Technology
Campus Public Safety
East Building, Room E145
11605 132nd Avenue NE
Kirkland, WA 98034
Phone: (425) 739-8224
If you are a victim of sexual assault at Lake Washington Institute of Technology, your first priority should be to get to a place of safety; you should then obtain necessary medical treatment. LWTech Campus Public Safety strongly advocates that a victim of sexual assault report the incident in a prompt manner; time is a critical factor for evidence collection and preservation. An assault should be directly reported to Campus Public Safety or another Campus Security Authority. Filing a Police report with Campus Public Safety will not obligate the victim to prosecute, nor will it subject the victim to scrutiny or judgmental opinions from Officers. Filing a Police Report will:
When a sexual assault victim contacts LWTech Campus Public Safety, local Police will be notified. The victim may choose to have the investigation pursued through the criminal justice system and the campus judicial system, or limit the investigation to one of them only. Campus Public Safety, or other specially trained college authority, will guide the victim through available options, and support the victim in their decisions. Various counseling options are available through local Rape Crisis Center and local support groups.
The College judicial system allows the victim, and the accused, to each be allowed to choose a person who has no formal legal training to accompany them throughout a judicial conduct hearing. Both the victim and the accused will be informed o the outcome of the hearing. A student found guilty of violating the College Sexual Misconduct policy may be suspended or expelled from the College. The College will work with student victims to change their academic calendar after an alleged sexual assault, if such changes are reasonably available.
Students, faculty, staff and administration support the board policy and the law in having a drug and alcohol-free campus. Drugs and alcohol are not permitted anywhere on campus, including parking lots and cars. Violation of this rule may result in immediate termination or suspension. Anyone consuming, distributing, possessing or under the influence of controlled or illicit substances on the campus is subject to suspension, probation, termination, arrest, and prosecution. Any involvement with drugs may also terminate eligibility for financial aid programs.
Appropriate provisions regulate the possession, use and sale of alcoholic beverages in Federal/State laws, Chapter 495D of the Washington Administrative Code (opens new window) and campus policies. Illegal drug possession, use or sale is prohibited in accordance with federal and state laws, including Chapter 495D of the Washington Administrative Code (opens new window).
Kirkland Police Department officers have the authority to enforce laws concerning the possession, sale, or use of alcoholic beverages or illegal drugs through criminal arrest or civil citation. The Lake Washington Institute of Technology Student Conduct Code (opens new window) may also apply to infractions of these laws.
Community Helpline numbers for drug and alcohol abuse include:
Faculty, staff, students, and administration support the board policy and the law in having a drug and alcohol-free campus. Drugs and alcohol are not permitted anywhere on campus, including parking lots and cars. Violation of this rule may result in immediate termination or suspension. Anyone consuming, distributing, possessing or under the influence of controlled or illicit substances on the campus is subject to suspension, probation, termination, arrest, and prosecution. Any involvement with drugs may also terminate eligibility for financial aid programs.
Drug and alcohol prevention and assistance is available to students through Student Development & Retention, West Building, W207. There are also several community Help-Line numbers:
Generally, the possession, sale, and/or use of alcohol is strictly prohibited on the LWTech Campus; however, an exemption to this is granted for the College Winemaking Program, the Chef City Grill, and other authorized functions. The possession, sale, use, or distribution of illegal drugs is specifically prohibited on Campus through the LWTech Student Conduct Code WAC 495D-121-160 (13) (opens new window).
Lake Washington Institute of Technology does not monitor off-campus criminal activity.
Any act of terrorism on a LWTech Campus will most assuredly have a negative impact on the psyches and the physical aspects of our every-day community life. Acts of terrorism include, but are not limited to chemical and biological threats, conventional and radiological explosive events, and nuclear blast events. While none of these situations are desirable, they are survivable. It should be noted here that in the event of a catastrophic terrorist event we may need to "shelter in place" for up to 72 hours to allow time for County, State, and Federal emergency officials to render aid. In the event of use of any weapon of mass destruction (WMD) on our campus, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) will have complete operational control of the situation. Upon transfer to the clean-up and recovery stage, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) will assume operational control until the event is concluded.
The essence of any effective response to terrorist attack is to remain calm and as clear-headed as possible; such situations call for the utmost in common sense. With that in mind, prepare to survive should you be faced with a catastrophic event.
Of the events listed above, it is important to note that only chemical, conventional explosive, and nuclear blast events are readily detectable; it is abundantly clear when these events take place. What may not be clear is the difference between a conventional and a radiological explosion as the external appearance is the same; a radiological explosion uses a conventional explosive event as a vehicle to disperse radiological agents (also known as a "dirty bomb"). Depending on the material used in a "dirty bomb," the negative effects of radiation exposure may take hours or days to manifest themselves upon humans exposed to the event. The explosion itself is obvious; the unknown part is if it is a "conventional" or "dirty" event. It is best to treat conventional explosions as potential radiation threat.
The first responder to a terrorist act will:
Contamination considerations preclude a first responder's return to the general population until examined and released by health officials. Additional information may be obtained from the homeland security website to reach local, state, and federal agencies and other, valuable, anti-terrorism and emergency response information.
Biological events are hard to pinpoint immediately; often, the effects of biological agents are delayed. Biological agents may cause extreme sickness or death, and may or may not, be contagious to others. If a report is received of a biological event on campus:
Chemical events involve a deliberate release of a toxic gas, liquid, or solid. Chemical events may cause immediate serious illness and/or death. Chemical events are easier to identify than biological events; some common symptoms include watering of the eyes, muscular twitching, choking, breathing problems, and loss of coordination. Affected areas may include large numbers of dead or dying people, birds, fish, or small animals.
If a report is received of a chemical event on campus:
A conventional explosive event is one that does not include the release of biological, chemical, or radiological materials. It is an event that may cause serious injury or death by way of debris hurled violently from the source of the explosion, from powerful sub- and super-sonic shock waves released as a result of the explosion, secondary building collapses and/or fires. Conventional explosive events are easy to identify; loud noise, debris flying through the air, shock waves, and fire are usual indicators of such an event.
If a report is received of a conventional explosive event on campus:
A radiological explosion may also be referred to as a "dirty bomb." Dirty bombs use conventional explosives as a vehicle to disperse radiological agents. Depending on the radiological material used in a "dirty bomb," the negative effects of radiation exposure may take hours or days to manifest themselves upon any humans exposed to the event. The explosion itself is obvious; the unknown part here is if it is a "conventional" or "dirty" event. It is best to treat all "conventional" explosions as a potential radiation threat.
If a report is received of a radiological, or "dirty bomb" explosive event on campus:
A nuclear explosion is potentially the most devastating of all terrorist threats, provided it is delivered in military proportions (a bomb or missile). A military-style nuclear blast generates massive amounts of intense light and heat and a punishing shock wave that can spread nuclear contamination into the air, water, and ground surfaces for mile and miles around. Few people have the ability to generate delivery of this type of weapon, at least one of sufficient size to cause the damage they are noted for. However, the nature of terrorism is such that we cannot preclude the threat of a devastating nuclear blast.
If a report is received of a nuclear explosion on or around campus:
Hazing, including any method of initiation on or off campus into a student organization, living group, or team is prohibited. Hazing is defined as any activity that causes, or is likely to cause, bodily danger or physical harm; personal degradation or disgrace; or serious mental or emotional harm. For an individual or group to engage in or conspire to engage in any such activities are grounds for disciplinary action. If any club or organization engages in hazing, that group risks losing any and all College-related privileges. State law also provides that a person who participates in hazing of another shall forfeit any entitlement to state-funded grants, scholarships, or awards.
Activities that could be described as hazing include, but are not limited to:
This policy contains the official notification procedures of Lake Washington Institute of Technology for missing students. The purpose of this policy is to promote the safety and welfare of the LWTech community and assist in locating members of the LWTech community who, to the best of our knowledge, are missing. If a member of the LWTech community believes a student is missing, he or she should immediately notify LWTech Campus Public Safety at (425) 739-8224 (East Building, Room E145).
Once the determination is made by Campus Public Safety, a Missing Person Report (MPR) will be generated and LWTech will initiate an investigation and attempt to locate the missing person. If the missing person is under the age of 18 and not emancipated, LWTech will notify the custodial parent or guardian no later than 24 hours after that determination is made. Students have the option of identifying a confidential emergency contact person in place of their parents and registering that name with Campus Public Safety.
After having gone missing for 24 hours, LWTech Campus Public Safety will notify the Kirkland Police Department (KPD) and the student's emergency contact no later than 24 hours after the student is determined to be missing.
The LWTech Missing Person Procedure is as follows:
Mon-Fri, 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Mon-Thurs, 6 a.m. to 10 p.m.
Friday, Closed to the public
Lake Washington Institute of Technology (LWTech) is committed to providing access to information for all, therefore we are taking the following measures to ensure accessibility of the college’s public facing website (LWTech.edu), and third-party platforms utilized by students, staff, and community members.
The college is currently conducting an audit to determine the extent to which its website and third-party platforms are compliant.